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François Billaut

Professeur titulaire

François Billaut
Centre de recherche de l'Institut universitaire de cardiologie et de pneumologie de Québec
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Contribution à la recherche

Axe de recherche de l'Université Laval :

Santé et bien-être durables

Thématiques de recherche de la Faculté de médecine :

Santé cardiovasculaire, respiratoire et métabolisme
Santé des populations et pratiques optimales en santé

Domaines et intérêts de recherche du (de la) professeur(e) :

Santé des populations
  • Habitudes de vie et santé
  • Promotion de la santé
Organismes vivants (êtres humains - Psychologie/aspects biologiques)

Projets de recherche

  • Soutien au développement positif des élèves athlètes en contexte de sport scolaire - Fonds de recherche du Québec - Société et culture - Soutien aux équipes de recherche, co-chercheur - 2022-04-01 au 2026-03-31
  • Mise en oeuvre d'un programme d'accompagnement favorisant le développement positif des élèves-athlètes destiné aux intervenants scolaires et aux parents - Université Laval - Fonds internes, Conseil de recherches en sciences humaines du Canada - Subvention de développement de partenariat, co-chercheur - 2021-03-22 au 2024-03-21
  • Characterization and optimisation of muscle oxygen extraction and performance in elite Judo athletes - Institut national du sport du Québec, chercheur principal - 2022-01-01 au 2023-06-30
  • The effects of ischemic preconditioning on training adaptations to an altitude camp in trained runners - MITACS Inc. - Accélération Québec (MITACS et gouvernement provincial), chercheur principal - 2022-03-15 au 2023-05-14
  • Effet aigu combiné de l'hypoxie et de l'occlusion vasculaire sur les adaptations physiologiques et la capacité physique - Fonds France Canada pour la recherche - Nouvelles collaborations de recherche, chercheur principal - 2021-04-01 au 2023-03-31
  • Impact de l’entraînement par intervalles avec restriction sanguine sur les déterminants de la performance en endurance - Institut national du sport du Québec, chercheur principal - 2020-08-01 au 2021-12-30
  • Le préconditionnement ischémique pour optimiser la récupération de l’athlète - Institut national du sport du Québec, chercheur principal - 2018-09-01 au 2021-03-31

Publications

  • Utilization of Ischemic Preconditioning for Athletes Competing and Training at Altitude: Applications and Perspectives, François Billaut, Pénélope Paradis-Deschênes, Philippe T. Richard, Journal of Science in Sport and Exercise, 2022, 10.1007/s42978-022-00166-0
  • Editorial: Managing physiological and biomechanical load-adaptation pathways in high performance sport: Challenges and opportunities., François Billaut, Goods PSR, Billaut F, Brocherie F, Louis J, Frontiers in sports and active living, 2022, 10.3389/fspor.2022.1041998
  • Repeated-sprint training in heat and hypoxia: Acute responses to manipulating exercise-to-rest ratio., François Billaut, Myles C. Dennis, Goods PSR, Martyn Binnie, olivier girard, Karen Wallman, Dawson B, Billaut F, Peter Peeling, European journal of sport science, 2022, 10.1080/17461391.2022.2085631
  • Ischemic Preconditioning with High and Low Pressure Enhances Maximum Strength and Modulates Heart Rate Variability, Luiz Guilherme Telles, François Billaut, Aline de Souza Ribeiro, Christian Geórgea Junqueira, Luís Leitão, Ana Cristina Barreto, Patricia Panza, Jeferson Macedo Vianna, Jefferson da Silva Novaes, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2022, 10.3390/ijerph19137655
  • Special Issue “Optimising Interval Training Prescription”, François Billaut, Sports, 2022, 10.3390/sports10060087
  • Ischemic Preconditioning Improves Handgrip Strength and Functional Capacity in Active Elderly Women, Luiz Guilherme da Silva Telles, François Billaut, Gélio Cunha, Aline de Souza Ribeiro, Estêvão Rios Monteiro, Ana Cristina Barreto, Luís Leitão, Patrícia Panza, Jeferson Macedo Vianna, Jefferson da Silva Novaes, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2022, 10.3390/ijerph19116628
  • Influence of diet on acute endocannabinoidome mediator levels post exercise in active women, a crossover randomized study., François Billaut, Forteza F, Bourdeau-Julien I, Nguyen GQ, Guevara Agudelo FA, Rochefort G, Parent L, Rakotoarivelo V, Feutry P, Martin C, Perron J, Lamarche B, Flamand N, Veilleux A, Billaut F, Di Marzo V, Raymond F, Scientific reports, 2022, 10.1038/s41598-022-10757-0
  • Hyperoxia Improves Repeated-Sprint Ability and the Associated Training Load in Athletes., François Billaut, Cyr-Kirk S, Billaut F, Frontiers in sports and active living, 2022, 10.3389/fspor.2022.817280
  • Editorial: Physiology and Physiopathology of Breath-Holding Activity., François Billaut, Lemaître F, Billaut F, Joulia F, Frontiers in physiology, 2022, 10.3389/fphys.2022.858371
  • Increased air temperature during repeated-sprint training in hypoxia amplifies changes in muscle oxygenation without decreasing cycling performance., François Billaut, Myles C. Dennis, Goods PSR, Martyn Binnie, olivier girard, Karen Wallman, Dawson B, Billaut F, Peter Peeling, European journal of sport science, 2021, 10.1080/17461391.2021.2003868
  • Sport-Specific Agility and Change of Direction in Water Polo: The Reliability and Validity of Two Newly Developed Tests., François Billaut, Dong L, Paradelo D, Delorme A, Oliveira J, Parillo B, Félix Croteau, Félix Croteau, Dubé E, Bieuzen F, Billaut F, Berryman N, Journal of strength and conditioning research, 2021, 10.1519/jsc.0000000000003984
  • Blood Adenosine Increase During Apnea in Spearfishermen Reinforces the Efficiency of the Cardiovascular Component of the Diving Reflex., François Billaut, Marion MARLINGE, Chefrour M, Billaut F, Zavarro M, Rostain JC, Coulange M, Guieu R, Joulia F, Frontiers in physiology, 2021, 10.3389/fphys.2021.743154
  • Running exercise with end-expiratory breath holding up to the breaking point induces large and early fall in muscle oxygenation., François Billaut, Xavier Woorons, Billaut F, Lamberto C, European journal of applied physiology, 2021, 10.1007/s00421-021-04813-2
  • Neuromuscular Adjustments Following Sprint Training with Ischemic Preconditioning in Endurance Athletes: Preliminary Data. , Bouffard S, Pénélope Paradis-Deschênes, François Billaut, Sports (Basel, Switzerland), 2021, 10.3390/sports9090124
  • The effect of HIIT vs. SIT on muscle oxygenation in trained sprint kayakers., François Billaut, Myriam Paquette, Bieuzen F, Billaut F, European journal of applied physiology, 2021, 10.1007/s00421-021-04743-z
  • Fifteen days of moderate normobaric hypoxia does not affect mitochondrial function, and related genes and proteins, in healthy men., François Billaut, Ferri A, Yan X, Kuang J, Granata C, Oliveira RSF, Christopher Hedges, Lima-Silva AE, Billaut F, David J Bishop, European journal of applied physiology, 2021, 10.1007/s00421-021-04706-4
  • Inspiratory muscle training for enhancing repeated-sprint ability: A pilot study, Ramón F. Rodriguez, Robert J. Aughey, François Billaut, Nathan E. Townsend, 2021, 10.1101/2021.01.22.427755
  • Capsaicinoid and Capsinoids as an Ergogenic Aid: A Systematic Review and the Potential Mechanisms Involved., François Billaut, de Moura E Silva VEL, Cholewa JM, Billaut F, Jäger R, de Freitas MC, Lira FS, Rossi FE, International journal of sports physiology and performance, 2021, 10.1123/ijspp.2020-0677
  • Capsaicin Supplementation during High-intensity Continuous Exercise: A Double-blind Study, Camila S. Padilha, Francois Billaut, Caique Figueiredo, Valéria Leme Gonçalves Panissa, Fabrício Eduardo Rossi, Fabio S. Lira, International Journal of Sports Medicine, 2020, 10.1055/a-1088-5388
  • Similar Recovery of Maximal Cycling Performance after Ischemic Preconditioning, Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation or Active Recovery in Endurance Athletes., François Billaut, Paradis-Deschênes P, Lapointe J, Joanisse DR, Billaut F, Journal of sports science & medicine, 2020
  • Effect of a 3-Weeks Training Camp on Muscle Oxygenation, V˙ O2 and Performance in Elite Sprint Kayakers., François Billaut, Paquette M, Bieuzen F, Billaut F, Frontiers in sports and active living, 2020, 10.3389/fspor.2020.00047
  • Ischemic Preconditioning Enhances Aerobic Adaptations to Sprint-Interval Training in Athletes Without Altering Systemic Hypoxic Signaling and Immune Function., François Billaut, Paradis-Deschênes P, Joanisse DR, Mauriège P, Billaut F, Frontiers in sports and active living, 2020, 10.3389/fspor.2020.00041
  • Autonomic regulation of the heart and arrhythmogenesis in trained breath-hold divers., François Billaut, Costalat G, Godin B, Bryce N. Balmain, Clara A MOREAU, Brotherton E, Billaut F, Frederic Lemaitre, European journal of sport science, 2020, 10.1080/17461391.2020.1749313
  • Commentary: Active Preconditioning With Blood Flow Restriction or/and Systemic Hypoxic Exposure Does Not Improve Repeated Sprint Cycling Performance., François Billaut, Bourgeois H, Pénélope Paradis-Deschênes, Billaut F, Frontiers in physiology, 2020, 10.3389/fphys.2020.00122
  • Transferable Benefits of Cycle Hypoventilation Training for Run-Based Performance in Team-Sport Athletes., François Billaut, Woorons X, Billaut F, Vandewalle H, International journal of sports physiology and performance, 2020, 10.1123/ijspp.2019-0583
  • Neuromuscular and perceptual responses during repeated cycling sprints-usefulness of a "hypoxic to normoxic" recovery approach., François Billaut, Jacky Soo, Billaut F, Bishop DJ, Christian RJ, olivier girard, European journal of applied physiology, 2020, 10.1007/s00421-020-04327-3
  • Ischemic Preconditioning Maintains Performance on Two 5-km Time Trials in Hypoxia., François Billaut, Gustavo R. Mota, Willis SJ, Sobral NDS, Borrani F, Billaut F, Grégoire Millet, Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 2019, 10.1249/mss.0000000000002049
  • Muscle oxygenation maintained during repeated-sprints despite inspiratory muscle loading., François Billaut, Ramón F. Rodriguez, Townsend NE, Aughey RJ, Billaut F, PloS one, 2019, 10.1371/journal.pone.0222487
  • Sustained Muscle Deoxygenation vs. Sustained High VO2 During High-Intensity Interval Training in Sprint Canoe-Kayak., François Billaut, Paquette M, Bieuzen F, Billaut F, Frontiers in sports and active living, 2019, 10.3389/fspor.2019.00006
  • Repeated Treadmill Sprints Impair Cognitive Performance in Amateur Team-Sport Athletes When Performed in Normobaric Hypoxia., François Billaut, Morrison JD, Quinn K, MacDonald LA, Billaut F, Minahan C, Journal of sports science & medicine, 2019
  • Blood-Flow Restricted Warm-Up Alters Muscle Hemodynamics and Oxygenation during Repeated Sprints in American Football Players. , Fortin JF, François Billaut, Sports (Basel, Switzerland), 2019, 10.3390/sports7050121
  • Nitrate Supplementation Combined with a Running Training Program Improved Time-Trial Performance in Recreationally Trained Runners. , Santana J, Diana Madureira, Elias de França, Rossi F, Rodrigues B, Andre Fukushima, François Billaut, Lira FS, Erico Caperuto, Sports (Basel, Switzerland), 2019, 10.3390/sports7050120
  • Capsaicin supplementation increases time to exhaustion in high-intensity intermittent exercise without modifying metabolic responses in physically active men., François Billaut, de Freitas MC, Billaut F, Panissa VLG, Rossi FE, Caique Figueiredo, Caperuto EC, Lira FS, European journal of applied physiology, 2019, 10.1007/s00421-019-04086-w
  • Ischemic Preconditioning and Exercise Performance: An Ergogenic Aid for Whom?, François Billaut, Marocolo M, Billaut F, Gustavo R. Mota, Frontiers in physiology, 2018, 10.3389/fphys.2018.01874
  • Respiratory muscle oxygenation is not impacted by hypoxia during repeated-sprint exercise., François Billaut, Ramón F. Rodriguez, Townsend NE, Robert Aughey, Billaut F, Respiratory physiology & neurobiology, 2018, 10.1016/j.resp.2018.11.006
  • Effects of inspiratory muscle warm-up on locomotor muscle oxygenation in elite speed skaters during 3000 m time trials., Philippe Richard, François Billaut, European journal of applied physiology, 2018, 10.1007/s00421-018-4015-8
  • Cerebral oxygenation declines but does not impair peak oxygen uptake during incremental cycling in women using oral contraceptives., François Billaut, Karlee Quinn, Billaut F, Bulmer AC, Minahan CL, European journal of applied physiology, 2018, 10.1007/s00421-018-3968-y
  • Combining Chronic Ischemic Preconditioning and Inspiratory Muscle Warm-Up to Enhance On-Ice Time-Trial Performance in Elite Speed Skaters., François Billaut, Richard P, Billaut F, Frontiers in physiology, 2018, 10.3389/fphys.2018.01036
  • Effect of expertise on pacing strategies and sprint performance in batsmen., Christie CJ, Elliot A, Pote L, Steenekamp T, Billaut F, Noakes TD, Journal of science and medicine in sport, 2018, 10.1016/j.jsams.2017.07.021
  • Knee extensor fatigue developed during high-intensity exercise limits lower-limb power production., O'bryan SJ, Billaut F, Taylor JL, Rouffet DM, Journal of sports sciences, 2018, 10.1080/02640414.2017.1349922
  • Commentaries on Viewpoint: Resistance training and exercise tolerance during high-intensity exercise: moving beyond just running economy and muscle strength., Bertuzzi R, Gáspari AF, Trojbicz LR, Silva-Cavalcante MD, Lima-Silva AE, Billaut F, Girard O, Millet GP, Bossi AH, Hopker J, Pandeló DR, Fulton TJ, Vagula M, Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985), 2018, 10.1152/japplphysiol.01064.2017
  • Power-to-Strength Ratio Influences Performance Enhancement with Contrast Training., Schneiker KT, Fyfe JJ, Billaut F, Bishop DJ, Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 2018, 10.1249/mss.0000000000001576
  • Effects of Lower-Limb Strength Training on Agility, Repeated Sprinting With Changes of Direction, Leg Peak Power, and Neuromuscular Adaptations of Soccer Players., Hammami M, Negra Y, Billaut F, Hermassi S, Shephard RJ, Chelly MS, Journal of strength and conditioning research, 2018, 10.1519/jsc.0000000000001813
  • Exercise-related sensations contribute to decrease power during repeated cycle sprints with limited influence on neural drive., Girard O, Billaut F, Christian RJ, Bradley PS, Bishop DJ, European journal of applied physiology, 2017, 10.1007/s00421-017-3705-y
  • Ischemic Preconditioning Improves Time-Trial Performance at Moderate Altitude., Paradis-Deschênes P, Joanisse DR, Billaut F, Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 2017, 10.1249/mss.0000000000001473
  • Do elite breath-hold divers suffer from mild short-term memory impairments?, Billaut F, Gueit P, Faure S, Costalat G, Lemaître F, Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquee, nutrition et metabolisme, 2017, 10.1139/apnm-2017-0245
  • Brain oxygenation declines in elite Kenyan runners during a maximal interval training session., Santos-Concejero J, Billaut F, Grobler L, Oliván J, Noakes TD, Tucker R, European journal of applied physiology, 2017, 10.1007/s00421-017-3590-4
  • Live-high train-low improves repeated time-trial and Yo-Yo IR2 performance in sub-elite team-sport athletes., Inness MW, Billaut F, Aughey RJ, Journal of science and medicine in sport, 2017, 10.1016/j.jsams.2015.12.518
  • Familiarization Protocol Influences Reproducibility of 20-km Cycling Time-Trial Performance in Novice Participants., Hibbert AW, Billaut F, Varley MC, Polman RCJ, Frontiers in physiology, 2017, 10.3389/fphys.2017.00488
  • No Influence of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation on Exercise-Induced Pain and 5-Km Cycling Time-Trial Performance., Hibbert AW, Billaut F, Varley MC, Polman RC, Frontiers in physiology, 2017, 10.3389/fphys.2017.00026
  • Variations in Hypoxia Impairs Muscle Oxygenation and Performance during Simulated Team-Sport Running., Sweeting AJ, Billaut F, Varley MC, Rodriguez RF, Hopkins WG, Aughey RJ, Frontiers in physiology, 2017, 10.3389/fphys.2017.00080
  • Salbutamol effects on systemic potassium dynamics during and following intense continuous and intermittent exercise., Altarawneh MM, Petersen A, Smith R, Rouffet DM, Billaut F, Perry BD, Wyckelsma VL, Tobin A, McKenna MJ, European journal of applied physiology, 2016, 10.1007/s00421-016-3481-0
  • Ischemic preconditioning increases muscle perfusion, oxygen uptake, and force in strength-trained athletes., Paradis-Deschênes P, Joanisse DR, Billaut F, Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquee, nutrition et metabolisme, 2016, 10.1139/apnm-2015-0561
  • Reliability of measures of quadriceps muscle function using magnetic stimulation., Tofari PJ, Opar DA, Kemp JG, Billaut F, Cormack S, Muscle & nerve, 2016, 10.1002/mus.24926
  • A Combination of Amino Acids and Caffeine Enhances Sprint Running Capacity in a Hot, Hypoxic Environment., Eaton TR, Potter A, Billaut F, Panchuk D, Pyne DB, Gore CJ, Chen TT, McQuade L, Stepto NK, International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism, 2016, 10.1123/ijsnem.2015-0108
  • Heavy Resistance Training in Hypoxia Enhances 1RM Squat Performance., Inness MW, Billaut F, Walker EJ, Petersen AC, Sweeting AJ, Aughey RJ, Frontiers in physiology, 2016, 10.3389/fphys.2016.00502
  • Sex-Specific Impact of Ischemic Preconditioning on Tissue Oxygenation and Maximal Concentric Force., Paradis-Deschênes P, Joanisse DR, Billaut F, Frontiers in physiology, 2016, 10.3389/fphys.2016.00674
  • Team-Sport Athletes' Improvement of Performance on the Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test Level 2, but Not of Time-Trial Performance, With Intermittent Hypoxic Training., Inness M WH, Billaut F, Aughey RJ, International journal of sports physiology and performance, 2016, 10.1123/ijspp.2014-0246
  • Maintained cerebral oxygenation during maximal self-paced exercise in elite Kenyan runners., Santos-Concejero J, Billaut F, Grobler L, Oliván J, Noakes TD, Tucker R, Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985), 2015, 10.1152/japplphysiol.00909.2014
  • Anthropometric characteristics account for time to exhaustion in cycling., Basset FA, Billaut F, Joanisse DR, International journal of sports medicine, 2014, 10.1055/s-0034-1375694
  • Peripheral fatigue is not critically regulated during maximal, intermittent, dynamic leg extensions., Christian RJ, Bishop DJ, Billaut F, Girard O, Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985), 2014, 10.1152/japplphysiol.00988.2013
  • Changes in muscle coordination and power output during sprint cycling., O'Bryan SJ, Brown NA, Billaut F, Rouffet DM, Neuroscience letters, 2014, 10.1016/j.neulet.2014.05.023
  • Plasma K+ dynamics and implications during and following intense rowing exercise., Atanasovska T, Petersen AC, Rouffet DM, Billaut F, Ng I, McKenna MJ, Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985), 2014, 10.1152/japplphysiol.01027.2013

Contribution à l'enseignement aux cycles supérieurs

Étudiant(e)s dirigé(e)s*

Depuis 2009
  • Julien Lamoureux - Maitrîse avec mémoire - En cours
  • Hubert Bourgeois - Maitrîse avec mémoire - En cours
  • Nassif Chamoun - Maitrîse avec mémoire - En cours
  • Kaven Levesque - Maitrîse avec mémoire - En cours
  • Valérie Brazeau - Maitrîse avec mémoire - En cours
  • Valérie Demeule - Maitrîse avec mémoire - En cours
  • Michèle D'Amours - Maitrîse avec mémoire - En cours
  • Pénélope Paradis-Deschênes - Maitrîse avec mémoire - 2015/09
  • Jean-François Fortin - Maitrîse avec mémoire - 2019/01
  • Emma Galbraith - Maitrîse avec mémoire - 2020/05
  • Myriam Paquette - Doctorat - 2021/05
  • Stephan Bouffard - Maitrîse avec mémoire - 2022/01
  • Shannon Cyr-Kirk - Maitrîse avec mémoire - 2022/05

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*Les supervisions d’étudiant(e)s de 1er cycle en stage de recherche et de résident(e)s aux études médicales postdoctorales seront répertoriées ultérieurement.